LIST OF ALL IMPORTANT CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS IN THE INDIAN CONSTITUTION
|Amendment Number||Year||Amended Provisions|
|1st Amendment Act||1951||Added 9th Schedule to protect the land reforms and the laws related to it from judicial review.|
|7th Amendment Act||1956||– On the linguistic basis, the states had been reorganized into 14 States and 6 UTs.|
– Extended the jurisdiction of the high court to UTs.
– Establishment of a common high court for 2 or more states.
|9th Amendment Act||1960||Facilitated the cession of the Indian territory of Berubari Union (located in WB) to Pakistan as provided in the Indo-Pakistan Agreement (1958).|
|10th Amendment Act||1961||Incorporated Dadra and Nagar Haveli in the Indian Union.|
|12th Amendment Act||1962||Incorporated Goa, Daman, and Diu in the Indian Union.|
|13th Amendment Act||1962||Provide status of state to Nagaland and made special provisions for it.|
|14th Amendment Act||1962||Incorporated Puducherry in the Indian Union.|
|24th Amendment Act||1971||– Affirmed the power of parliament to amend any part of the constitution including fundamental rights.|
– President must give his assent to a constitutional Amendment Bill.
|25th Amendment Act||1971||Curtailed the fundamental right to property.|
|26th Amendment Act||1971||Abolished the titles and special privileges of former rulers of princely states.|
|31st Amendment Act||1972||Increased the number of Lok Sabha seats from 525 to 545.|
|36th Amendment Act||1975||Sikkim became the full-fledged state of the Indian Union and 10th schedule was omitted.|
|42nd Amendment Act||1976||– Added Fundamental Duties by the citizen contained in Part-IV A.|
– Added 3 new words – Socialist, Secular, and Integrity.
– Made the constitutional amendments beyond the judicial scrutiny.
– National emergency can be proclaimed in any part of the territory of India.
– The President is constitutionally bounded by the advice of the Council of Ministers.
– It provided supremacy of parliament and gave primacy to DPSP over Fundamental Rights.
– Extended the one-time duration of the President’s rule in a state from 6 months to 1 year.
– Added Part XIV A which includes tribunal for administrative and other matters.
– The term of Lok Sabha and State Legislative assemblies increased to 6 years from 5 years.
– The power of judicial review and writ jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and the High Court had been curtailed.
– Also called “Mini Constitution ”
|43rd Amendment Act||1977||– Restored the power of judicial review and writ jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and High Court.|
– The special power of the Parliament to make laws to deal with the anti-national activities had been taken away.
|44th Amendment Act||1978||– Removed the “Right to Property” from the list of Fundamental Rights.|
– The fundamental rights guaranteed by Article 20 and 21 cannot be suspended during a national emergency.
– The term ‘internal disturbance’ had been replaced by the by ‘Armed Rebellion’.
– The term of Lok Sabha and the state legislative assemblies had been restored to 5 years.
|52nd Amendment Act||1985||Anti-Defection Law and added 10th schedule containing detail of this law.|
|58th Amendment Act||1987||Translation of the Constitution in Hindi.|
|61st Amendment Act||1989||Reducing the voting age from 21 to 18 years.|
|65th Amendment Act||1990||Accorded statutory status to the commission for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and designated them as National Commission for the SC’s and the ST’s.|
|73rd Amendment Act||1992||Added new Part – IX entitled as ‘the Panchayats’ and a new 11th Schedule which granted Constitutional status and protection to the Panchayati raj institutions.|
|74th Amendment Act||1992||Added new Part – IX-A entitled as ‘the Municipalities’ and a new 12th Schedule which granted Constitutional status and protection to the urban local bodies.|
|86th Amendment Act||2002||Article 21 A was added which made ‘Education’ a fundamental Right for children in the age-group of 6-14 years.|
|88th Amendment Act||2003||A provision for service tax was made under Article 268-A.|
|89th Amendment Act||2003||National Commission for SC’s and ST’s into 2 separate bodies|
– National Commission for SC’s (Article 338)
– National Commission for ST’s (Article 338-A).
|91st Amendment Act||2003||Amended the Anti-Defection Law to strengthen it and made provisions to limit the size of the council of ministers.|
|92nd Amendment Act||2003||4 new languages – Bodo, Dogri, Maithili, and Santhali added in the Eighth Schedule which increased the constitutionally recognized number to 22.|
|93rd Amendment Act||2005||Reserve seats OBC’s in governmental as well as educational institutions.|
|99th Amendment Act||2014||Formation of National Judicial Appointment Commission. However, it was declared unconstitutional and void in 2015 by the Supreme Court.|
|100th Amendment Act||2015||Swapping of territories between India and Bangladesh.|
|101st Amendment Act||2016||Goods and Service Tax introduced.|
|102nd Amendment Act||2018||Constitutional Status to the National Commission for Backward Classes|
|103rd Amendment Act||2019||10% reservation for Economically Weaker Section (EWS) of the society in Government jobs and admission in educational institutions|
|104th Amendment Act||2020||It extends the reservation of seats for the SC’s and ST’s in the Lok Sabha and state assemblies by a period of 10 years. |
– Officially it is known as ‘Constitution Act, 2019’