How many states in India have a bicameral system?
At present (2020), only seven states of India have a bicameral system. They are:
Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Jammu and Kashmir (UT).
In the states having a bicameral system, they have both the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council.
Legislative Assembly is also known as Vidhan Sabha. It is equivalent to Lok Sabha in the Union. It is a lower house in the state. It runs for 5 years unless it dissolves before the completion of the term.
Legislative Council is also known as Vidhan Parishad. It is equivalent to Rajya Sabha in the Union. It is the upper house in the state. It is a permanent body as its one- third of members retires in every 2 years.
According to the Constitution of India, the Parliament can create or abolish the Legislative Council in a state if a resolution is passed in the Legislative Assembly of that state with the majority of more than two-thirds of the members of assembly present and voting.