List of all UNESCO Heritage sites in India

Table of Contents

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) aimed at contributing “to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development, and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication, and information. It is the successor of the League of Nations’ International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation.

UNESCO has 193 member states and 11 associate members. Based in Paris, France, most of its field offices are “cluster” offices that cover three or more countries; national and regional offices also exist.

UNESCO seeks to build a culture of peace and inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication. To that end, it pursues its objectives through five major program areas: education, natural sciences, social/human sciences, culture, and communication/information. It sponsors projects related to literacy, technical training, education, the advancement of science, promoting independent media and freedom of the press, preserving regional and cultural history, and promoting cultural diversity. UNESCO assists in translating and disseminating world literature, establishing international cooperation agreements to secure “World Heritage Sites” of cultural and natural importance, preserving human rights, and bridging the worldwide digital divide. It also launched and leads the Education for All movement and lifelong learning.

UNESCO is a member of the United Nations Development Group, a coalition of UN agencies and organizations aimed at fulfilling the Sustainable Development Goals.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are important places of cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.

There are 38 World Heritage Sites located in India. These include 30 cultural sites, seven natural sites, and one mixed-criteria site. India has the sixth-largest number of sites in the world.

Sl.No.NameState/RegionYear of declaration
1Ajanta CavesMaharashtra1983
2Ellora CavesMaharashtra1983
3Agra FortUttar Pradesh1983
4Taj MahalUttar Pradesh1983
5Sun Temple, KonarkPuri District, Odisha1984
6Group of Monuments at MahabalipuramMahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu1984
7Kaziranga National ParkAssam1985
8Manas Wildlife SanctuaryAssam1985
9Keoladeo National ParkRajasthan1985
10Churches and Convents of GoaGoa1986
11Khajuraho Group of MonumentsMadhya Pradesh1986
12Group of Monuments at HampiBellari District, Karnataka1986
13Fatehpur SikriUttar Pradesh1986
14Group of Monuments at PattadakalBagalkot District, Kolkata1987
15Elephanta CavesMaharashtra1987
16Great Living Chola Templesa)Airavateshwarar Temple, Darasuram, Tamil Nadu
b)Brihadeeswarar Temple, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu
1987
17Sundarbans National ParkWest Bengal1987
18Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National ParksUttarakhand1988,2005
19Buddhist Monuments at SanchiMadhya Pradesh1989
20Humayun’s Tomb, DelhiDelhi1993
21Qutb Minar and its MonumentsDelhi1993
22Mountain Railways of Indiaa)Nilgiri Mountain Railway (2005) Ooty, Tamil Nadu
b)Kalka-Shimla Railway, Himachal Pradesh (2008)
c)Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (1999), Darjeeling, West Bengal
1999, 2005, 2008
23Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh GayaBihar2002
24Rock Shelters of BhimbetkaMadhya Pradesh2003
25Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria TerminusMaharashtra2004
26Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological ParkGujarat2004
27Red fort ComplexDelhi2007
28The Jantar Mantar, JaipurJaipur, Rajasthan2010
29Western Ghatsa)Agasthyamalai Sub-Cluster
b)Periyar Sub-Cluster
c)Anamalai Sub-Cluster
d)Nilgiri Sub-Cluster
e)Talakaveri Sub-Cluster (five properties)
f)Kudremukh Sub-Cluster (five properties)
g)Sahyadri Sub-Cluster
2012
30Hill Forts of Rajasthana)Chittorgarh
b)Kumbhalgarh
c)Ranthambhore
d)Amber Sub-Cluster
e)Jaisalmer
f)Gagron
2013
31Rani Ki Vav (The Queen’s StepwellPatan, Gujarat2014
32Great Himalayan National ParkHimachal Pradesh2014
33Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara at Nalanda, BiharBihar2016
34Khangchendzonga National ParkSikkim2016
35The Architectural Work Of Le CorbusierChandigarh2016
36Historic City of AhmedabadAhmedabad, Gujarat2017
37The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of MumbaiMaharashtra2018
38JaipurJaipur2019

Number of UNESCO Heritage by States

StateExclusive SitesShared Sites
Assam20
Bihar20
Chandigarh10
Delhi30
Goa10
Gujarat31
Himachal Pradesh21
Karnataka21
Kerala01
Madhya Pradesh30
Maharashtra51
Odisha10
Rajasthan40
Tamil Nadu22
Uttarakhand10
Uttar Pradesh30
West Bengal11
Sikkim10
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